Statin use was associated with an overall reduction of the risk of death in multiple myeloma (MM) patients, according to a report published in Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma & Leukemia.

Statins maintained their benefit in patients with multiple myeloma treated with modern-day chemotherapy regimens based on novel agents, but the benefit is less pronounced, reported Amber Afzal, MD, Washington University, St Louis, and colleagues.

Dr. Afzal and colleagues assessed results from 5,922 patients who were diagnosed with multiple myeloma within the study period between 2007 and 2013. The association of statins with mortality in patients with MM was determined using multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis, and a subanalysis was also performed to investigate the effect of statins on mortality in those patients treated with novel agents.

Mortality reduction seen

The study found that the use of statins was associated with a 21% reduction in risk of death (adjusted hazard ratio,] 0.79; 95% confidence interval, 0.74-0.84) among all patients with MM. Among the patents treated with novel agents (n = 3,603), statins reduced mortality by 10% (aHR, 0.90; 95% CI, 0.83-0.98).

“Our current study is the first one to support the survival benefit of statins in patients with myeloma treated with modern-day regimens based on novel agents, although it appears the benefit may not be as pronounced. Therefore, as myeloma regimens become more effective, the benefits of statins may diminish,” the researchers concluded.

The authors reported that they had no relevant disclosures.

SOURCE: Afzal A et al. Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk. 2020 Jul 16. doi: 10.1016/j.clml.2020.07.003.